There are 3 major operating systems which developers can target their desktop applications, Windows, macOS, and Linux.
Choose a framework
Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) operates in the .NET framework and it provides a great option to develop graphical applications. You can come up with all kinds of softwares and unique user interfaces. If you use Windows, you can rely on this desktop application development framework for the WPF runtime library, which is normally embedded in the operating system.
WPF is famous for its capability to put together different elements in the user interface, from vectors and documents to 2D and 3D rendered objects.
Cocoa is the optimal framework for MacOS. The framework is object oriented and allows developing interfaces for more systems – mostly iOS, MacOS and tvOS. It has gained notoriety for its ability to add entertaining features to any interface. Furthermore, the UI functionality is simply flawless. You can come up with control elements, gesture recognition features and all kinds of animations.
Every tool in the process is obviously developed by Apple. As for the code, you can use it in Ruby, Perl or Python. You will need some compatible bridges for such applications though.
Swing is among the best rated frameworks based on Java. You can come up with unique applications. Other than that, Swing applications can run on most platforms, hence the high compatibility standards. The framework has a great reputation for its capability to design top notch GUI for desktop applications. It can perfectly mimic the overall design and functionality of most desktop applications.
Swing comes with a bunch of elements like panels, check boxes, buttons and so on. Basically, you can allow your imagination to go wild on this framework.
Universal Windows Platform (UWP) is an excellent framework with a solid history. It represents the main reason behind the .NET platform popularity. Cross compatibility is the main element behind its popularity. You can come up with applications compatible with most platforms running under Microsoft, so your program will easily run on varied devices.
Other than that, it is worth noting that UWP will grow with your application – the platform is scalable and allows lots of adjustments.
Electron JS is yet another cross platform framework. Made by GitHub, it goes deep into details and allows going into the core functionality of your programs. It does most of the job itself by handling the most difficult aspect of the development procedure. The platform relies on Node.js for its cross compatibility.
Given its popularity, Electron JS is widely used by large companies as well. To give you a few hints, Microsoft and Facebook both rely on it for their softwares.
Flutter, developed by Google, is a new framework is Google’s UI toolkit for building beautiful, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase.
The framework is good for mobile already but still lacks in desktop area. You need to wait for a while till Flutter is ready to be used in production.