Different types of fishing gear have other impacts on habitat, bycatch, and the rate at which overfishing happens. Fact that different fish species live in different water column areas and behave in diverse ways, the fishing gear utilized to catch fish have to be made explicitly for every target species.
Here are the eight types of fishing gear available:
Also known as bottom trawling, demersal covers many types of gears, all use a net that looks like a cone with cod-end, which holds the fish. This is towed by boats and allocated to catch fish in great depths or fish on the ocean’s bottom.
Gillnet fishing gears refer to a curtain or wall of netting which hangs in the sea. This covers many kinds, including trammel nets and stationary gillnets. In general, this fishing gear has low impacts on the environment with the least seabed interaction. The size of fish caught is determined by the mesh’s size, helping to keep away from catching juvenile fish.
Longline Fisheries Trail
This fishing gear trail a long line behind a ship or boat. Baited hooks are linked to the nets to attract the target fish. This can set for bottom or midwater fishing; it all depends on your target fish.
This is utilized in the open sea to catch dense schools of single specific pelagic fish like mackerel and tuna. Here, a vertical net curtain is used to surround the fish, and the bottom is drawn to enclose the fish.
Pole and Line
This fishing method is utilized to catch tuna and other big midwater species one fish at a time.
Instant Anti-Reverse clutch; 3 Bearings (2 + Clutch); Patented no-tangle design; Changeable right- or left-hand retrieve; Pre-spooled with 8 lb Zebco Cajun Line
Usually, this is made of wood, plastic, or wire netting to catch crabs and lobsters. The shape and size of the stationary traps might differ; all feature a cone shape in which lobster and crab are enticed with bait.
This is a rigid structure towed in the seabed to caught scallops, clams, and oysters. The design of this fishing gear varies. It all depends on the specifies being caught, but some have a triangular frame.
Also known as midwater trawl, this has a cone-like body and closed-end, which hold the fish. This is bigger than bottom trawls. One or two boats can tow this trawl. It is made to target fish species in the middle and bottom water like mackerel, Hoki, and herring.