Computer security is a very important topic. The biggest question people have about their computers is how to keep themselves safe from hackers, viruses, and other malicious attacks. There are many different types of computer security. The most common types are the firewall, antivirus software, hardware.
- A firewall keeps hackers from accessing your private information such as credit card information and passwords while antivirus software scans files for viruses which can cause damage to your computer.
- There are also other types of security such as anti-spyware, anti-malware, and parental controls for those with children on their devices.
- Hardware security usually consists of physical devices that activate when someone tries to access unauthorized areas or open certain programs on your computer.
Different Types of Computer Security
Types of computer security include the following: firewall, antivirus software, hardware security module, anti-spyware, anti-malware, and parental controls.
- Firewall: a device or program that monitors the incoming and outgoing network traffic between a private network and the Internet protecting against intrusion or attack.
- Antivirus software: a computer program that attempts to identify, neutralize, and eliminate malicious code, such as computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, spyware, adware, scareware and other malware.
- Hardware Security Module: It is a physical computing device that safeguards and manages digital keys, performs encryption for signatures as well strong authentication. They also have other cryptographic functions. The HSMs can be used in conjunction with existing infrastructure to provide advanced protection against threats such as computer hackers or malware distributors who want access your data without permission from you!
- Anti-spyware: A form of security software for computers and networks which protects against malicious software components often called spyware that may covertly monitor or transmit a user’s surfing behavior without their consent; known also as internet security software; designed to prevent unauthorized access to your personal information; includes an anti-virus component.
- Malware: is a broad term describing a variety of forms of hostile or intrusive software, including computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses , spyware, adware and other malicious programs.
- Parental controls: security features that can be used to manage the activities which may be performed by users on certain computer systems. Parental control settings are built into many operating systems including Mac OS X and Windows XP. They can also be added to other operating systems as third-party software products such as Safe Eyes for Mac OS X or PC Pandora for Windows XP.